Levi, a 76-year-old grandfather, went to the ATM one evening to withdraw cash, as he was accustomed to doing on a regular basis. Shimon, a 20-year-old man, approached Levi, shoved him, grabbed the cash he had withdrawn, and ran away. Levi was hurt, stunned, and angry. He subsequently developed acute emotional distress, concerned that he could now no longer afford the medications he needed for that month. After the incident, he began reconsidering every time he needed to leave his home and felt a constant sense of fear and helplessness when outside. Shimon was arrested, questioned, and a robbery indictment against him was filed in the district court. Levi was listed as a witness. In the restorative justice process – Levi, Shimon, their supporters, and community representatives met. Shimon apologized and took responsibility for his actions. Levi and Shimon together decided to deal with the implications of the robbery and agreed on suitable reparations. Shimon returned the money he stole and began volunteering in the neighborhood senior citizens club. The community director, who was also a community representative in the process, understood the difficulties facing the elderly population in the neighborhood and decided to improve the lighting in public areas in the evenings. The agreement was submitted to the court where Shimon was prosecuted. The court took into consideration the restorative justice agreement when determining his sentence.
Yulia, an immigrant from Russia, attended a boarding school in central Israel. On the school bus home, she asked the driver, Moshe, to make a stop so that she could smoke. Moshe refused and an argument erupted between the two. During one of the stops, the verbal violence escalated to physical violence by Moshe. Yulia filed a complaint to the police. Moshe was fired, his public vehicle driving license was revoked, and an indictment was filed against him for assault of a minor, bodily harm, and making threats. He was very hurt and upset by this but accepted responsibility for his actions and requested a meeting with Yulia to apologize and provide reparations. Mosaica’s restorative justice facilitators met with each of the parties separately. Yulia, now an IDF soldier, agreed to meet with Moshe. In addition to having the opportunity to agree on reparations, the two could also clarify the circumstances of the event.
The meeting was held at Mosaica with the supervision of two restorative justice facilitators. Moshe, the driver, was accompanied by his wife and a friend. Yulia was accompanied by the boarding school house mother and a personal counselor, a police officer, and a community representative who had previously been a school bus driver. Dani, Moshe’s childhood friend, explained that “the meeting began with a lot of tension. The offender sat with his arms crossed and everyone was on edge. I realized that the stress of such a process can be even worse than a court proceeding, and that a meeting designed for reconciliation is not simple…”
During the meeting, each party had the opportunity to tell their story and describe the impact of the event on their lives. Then the supporters were asked to address the event. Among other statements, Yulia’s supporter rebuked Moshe’s behavior and described the ongoing emotional distress that Yulia has undergone as a result of this behavior. Moshe’s wife expressed her sorrow for the event and noted that this behavior was very unusual for him: “We’re all just people. I hope that together we can find a way to understand and forgive.”
At this point, Yulia was asked to describe what she wanted in reparations. After consulting her supporters, Yulia asked for a written apology and monetary compensation to be determined by the offender. Moshe provided her a written letter of apology that he had prepared ahead of the meeting, unrelated to the final agreement. The letter was read aloud. It was an emotional experience for Yulia and all present.
Moshe consulted his supporters and after reviewing several proposals with Yulia, decided to provide 1,500 ILS in reparations. The parties came to an agreement, including the apology and check installment payments to Yulia. At this point, Yulia surprisingly turned to Moshe and his wife and expressed sorrow and shame for the damages caused to Moshe due to the event. The process ended on a note of relief and reconciliation. The victim asserted that a weight had been lifted off her. The offender remarked that he had learned a life lesson. Dani summarized by saying that “the best conclusion of the process is to see the victim talking to the offender and his wife, laughing with them, and hitching a ride with them to the bus station, something inconceivable when the meeting started. Hard to believe that 3.5 hours ago (the length of the process), you could cut the tension in the room with a knife, and now everyone is leaving calm and smiling, an outcome that would never have happened in court, not for the victim or the offender…”
For additional information: Restorative Justice Program